Hannah and Je together

Monday, 20 January 2014

Israel Trip Tenth Day: Church of Nativity, Refugee Camp

Today was another lecture day.

Stars and Bucks

Stars and Bucks

We walked to the Nativity Church from the bus terminal, and I thought I found on the way ‘Starbucks.’ But it was not.

Christmas Tree

Christmas Tree

In front of, or between the Bethlehem Peace Centre and the Nativity Church, there was a huge Christmas tree. I wonder if it lights up at night. I saw so many tourists here from all over the world; I could recognise some of their languages such as Chinese, Korean, English, French, Spanish. And there were more languages that I could not recognise. I just thought how much Jesus has been contributing to local economy just by being born here.

Church of Nativity

Church of Nativity

This is the Church of Nativity, basically built by Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great (Personally, I don’t like ‘the Great’ part). Helena built this Church, and later Persians came and destroyed all the Churches over 95% of them. When they came to this Church, they saw a paining – three magi offering to Baby Jesus. And the magi were dressed as typical Persians. And the army thought, ‘Wait a minute… this building must have something to do with our ancestors.’ And they left it. This story reminds me how cultural diversity is important.

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If you see the three pictures, you can see the original huge gate at first picture. And then little bit smaller but still cargos can go in and out. Last one is current door and is low so that everyone bows down whenever they go in and to be humble.

Church of Nativity Catholic Sanctuary

Church of Nativity Catholic Sanctuary

The original place built by Helena and repaired by Crusaders is owned by Greek Orthodox. And next to it, Catholic Church is attached.

Jerome translated here the Bible into Latin Vulgate with the help of Paula and her daughter

Jerome translated here the Bible into Latin Vulgate with the help of Paula and her daughter

Catholic Church is of course commemorate the birth place of Jesus. But they also has another purpose – Jerome. If you go down to the basement, you can see the rooms where Jerome stayed and worked. In the picture, Left two persons are Paula and her daughter, the helper of Jerome. Jerome is the only Church Father who studied Hebrew in order to translate the Bible into Latin. And to help him, Paula and her daughter also learned Hebrew and Greek, and eventually they became or fluent in both language than Jerome.

Key to Home

Key to Home

This is one of the refugee camp. The key on top of it means the key to going back home.

Graffiti on Separation Wall

Graffiti on Separation Wall

On the wall, there are lots of graffiti. And the streets are so dirty with overflowing garbage.

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On the wall, along with other graffiti, I found John 3:16 in Korean. It struck my head. Yes, God loves them so much. God loves these persecuted people so much so that He sent his only Son so that they can live.

Lajee Centre

Lajee Centre

There is Lajee Centre. I don’t know what exactly is this, but they have a library for children (where we were sitting), and computer lab, and a few more.

American History

American History

Surprisingly, they have whole volume of American history.

Blocking Entanglement

Blocking Entanglement

They are surrounded by separation wall. Out of the wall used to be their farming field, and work place. But they most of them lost their job. To Jerusalem it used to take 10-15 minutes and now it takes more than 2 hours thanks to the Israeli checkpoint.

Bethlehem University

Bethlehem University

We went to Bethlehem university. It has beautiful buildings.

Dr. Mazin Qumsiyeh

Dr. Mazin Qumsiyeh

Dr. Mazin Qumsiyeh spoke about his perspective of Palestine’s future and history. Interestingly, he is biologist and biology professor. He said if American government moves in the right way, the illegal occupation of Israel would end within two weeks. Well, that might be true since US government give about 2 million dollars to Israel every single day. But the thing is American politicians cannot live without the money from the Jewish lobbyists. And if Obama calls Israel to stop it, he may not be a president the next day.

Lawyer Raffoul Rofa

Lawyer Raffoul Rofa

After lunch where we had before on the day of Shepherds’ field, we came back to school for another session. Mr. Raffoul Rofa is a lawyer, working at St. Yves, a Catholic centre for human rights where 20 staffs working including 8 lawyers. They’ve been working for people with family reunion issues and house demolitions, and the likes. For house demolitions, they’ve got only one permit so far for fifteen years with thousands cases. And even the one was a school building built by US Aid. US Aid pressured the US federal government, and US government told Israel government. This is why they’ve got permit not because they fought in the court.

Rimon Kando Shop

Rimon Kando Shop

And then we had some time in the souvenir shop. I also bought something.

Tuesday, 25 June 2013

[영어산책]통계

통계를 영어로 statistics라고 한다. 이건 뭐 다 아는 얘기고… 이게 왜 통계인가 하는 게 오늘의 이야기.

통계는 방대한 자료를 수집해서 정리하는 것을 말하는데, 이러한 것은 기원전 3000도 더 전인 바빌로니아에서부터 여러가지 (곡물이나 수확량, 무역 등등) 자료를 수집한 기록이 발견된다. 그리고 후에는 이집트와 중국에서도 그런 자료가 발굴되기 시작한다.

다들 알다시피 기원전 594년에는 그리스에서 세제 확립을 위한 목적으로 인구 조사 및 통계를 내기 시작했다. 그리고 일본의 한 할머니가 말만 들어도 오르가즘을 느끼는 이탈리아의 대제국, 로마에서는 그리스와는 비교도 안될 정도로 수많은 것들을 수집하고 조사하고 기록으로 남겼는데, 자신들의 대제국에 대해서도 많은 것을 남겼다.

로마인들은 이런 제국에 대한 자료 수집 조사 및 그 결과물을 statisticus라고 불렀다. 라틴어인데 이를 영어로 옮기면 of state affair라는 뜻으로 우리말로 옮기면 ‘국정에 관한 것’이란 의미가 된다.

서구 사회에서는 정말 아무리 피할려고 해도 그리스와 특히 로마의 영향은 피할 수도 무시할 수도 없다. 정말 상상 이상의 영향력을 갖고 있다는 걸 날마다 절감한다. 그리고 서구 사회가 전세계에 미치는 현재의 영향력을 생각하면, 그야말로 로마는 영향력으로는 전세계를 정복한 것과 진배없다는 생각마저 들 정도다.

오죽하면, 우리가 말하는 xx는 남자의 로망이지에서도 언급이 되겠는가! 로망, 즉 로마의 것은 이상적이고 최고의 것이란 뜻에서 나왔고, 여자들에게는 로맨스가 가장 좋은 것일테니…. 유럽 사람들은 로마하면 꿈과 이상의 세계였던 것이다.

각설하고 오늘의 결론은 영어 또는 어느 서구언어를 공부하려거든 라틴어부터 공부해야 할 듯.

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