Hannah and Je together

Thursday, 30 January 2014

Israel Trip Seventeenth and Last Day: Flight Back

We couldn’t even stay one night at the very good hotel because we got up at 12:30am, ate 1am and left there 1:30am for Ben Gurion airport at Tel Aviv.

Beginning of annoying and paranoid Israeli security

Beginning of annoying and paranoid Israeli security

When we were entering to the airport area, we passed the initial security. The guy on the picture has a machine gun. It was just the beginning of very annoying Israeli security. They are paranoid because they know what they’ve been doing.

Not like other airport security, we had to go through the security with our check-in baggage. They scanned everything, and many of us, including me, had to go through another manual check by opening the baggage. They found four mud packs from my bag, and asked me:

“WHY DO YOU HAVE MUD PACKS?” – “Because I bought them.”

“WHERE DID YOU BUY THEM?” – “Qumran gift shop.”

“WHY DID YOU BUY THEM?” – “For my wife.”

“WHY DO YOU GO TO AMERICA?” – “Because I live there!”

What stupid questions, and why do they care? Because I did not have US passport, I was checked my green card three times. Once they took my green card and went somewhere and came back in ten minutes.

The security opened a bag of a girl in our group and checked all the books and literatures and read to see what was written.

Many people go to Israel once and no more. I see why. Basically the Israel government is saying to all the tourists, “Don’t you dare come back again!”

Airport Synagogue

Airport Synagogue

There is a synagogue in the airport. I thought it is interesting. Are the religious Jews supposed to be in the airport on Sabbath? Why do they need a synagogue in the airport? Secular Jews don’t care, and religious Jews don’t come to the airport on Sabbath day.

BAYER

BAYER

This is of course Germany that we can see huge BAYER sign. Frankfurt airport is so huge, ridiculously huge. We rode an airport bus, and walked thousand miles after that. I do not mind walking a lot, but I do mind the timing. I walked fast and I reached the gate first in our group, and already people were boarding into the plane! Even a flight attendant in the first plane advised us that we may make it to the connecting air plane but we need to move fast.

Smoking Zone

Smoking Zone

This looks quite interesting to me. There are many smoking zones in Frankfurt airport, I could not take photos because there were always many people inside the box.

Lufthansa

Lufthansa

If I remember right, Frankfurt is the home airport of Lufthansa. I don’t like long flight, but I am quite satisfied with Lufthansa.

Not like on the way to Israel in Frankfurt, there was no security check this time on the way to Chicago. In Chicago, there were three different immigration gates: one for US Citizen, one for Green card holders, and the other was for everyone else.

After long flight, I landed on Chicago O’Hare airport. While the plane was landing, at the right moment that the landing gear began to touch the runway pavement, my wife Hannah called me that she is waiting at the airport terminal 5. She was not supposed to come and pick me up, but she skipped her work.

I’ve always driven to Chicago, never landed on Chicago. Chicago. This is what home feels like. During this trip, I saw many things, I felt many things, I learned many things, and I realised many things. But the biggest thing is this: I realised that I truly love my wife, Hannah.

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Tuesday, 21 January 2014

Israel Trip Twelfth Day: Sea of Galilee, Capernaum, and Chorazain

Today was certainly New Testament Day, and especially Gospel Day.

Nazareth View from Saint Gabriel Hotel

Nazareth View from Saint Gabriel Hotel

This is the Nazareth view from the hotel. It is quite foggy and could not see far down there.

Cana

Cana

While we were driving down, our local guide identified us Cana where Jesus performed his very first miracle. He said wine is very precious gift because it means one years labour and huge portion of wealth. And if you do not provide enough wine in such events like wedding, it is permanent disgrace to the family. And how much it would be gossiped in that small town. Jesus literally saved the family. And George said that Jesus was not sitting with his mother in the feast because that is the Jewish tradition and culture that time. Even now they are separated in the synagogues.

Church of Beatitudes

Church of Beatitudes

First destination was the Church of Beatitude where Jesus preached the famous sermon on the mountain. On Matthew text, Jesus was on the mountain top, and it begins with Jesus sitting down. In Jewish tradition, rabbi stands normally, but when he sits, that means he is serious about his on-coming speech. So when Jesus sat down, everyone must have been quiet. And a beautiful church was built upon the rock which is believed that Jesus preached on.

Here is Matthew 5.3: “Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.”

Between the two Hieberts

Between the two Hieberts

They are my favourite professors at McCormick and they are husband and wife. Such a beautiful couple.

With George, our local guide

With George, our local guide

Then we went to Galilee and had worship on the “Jesus” boat. The service was good. We read Psalm 150 in different languages of English, Korean, Spanish, Hebrew and Arabic. Arabic was read by our local guide George. He is the best guide I’ve ever met.

2000 Years old boat

2000 Years old boat

This boat was found under the mud in the Sea of Galilee and scientist concluded this boat is about 2,000 years old. At Jesus days, there must have been so many boats on Galilee, and this is one of them. There is also possibility that Jesus was on this boat at least once. And the boat is made out of twelve different trees.

Migdal

Migdal

This is archaeological site of ancient Migdal. And there is huge construction is going on to build a Magdalene Centre and resort. Our famous Mary Magdalene means Mary from the town of Migdal. Galilee area is the core place of Jesus ministry. We had lunch here.

Herod's Massacre

Herod’s Massacre

I forgot the name of this mountain. Our local guide said that there was rebel against Herod among Jewish people around here, and they fled to that mountain. And Herod commanded his solders to push and throw all the rebels off the cliff. And the people in Galilee saw that.

Church of Peter's Primacy

Church of Peter’s Primacy

And we went to Peter’s Primacy Church. Peter and his fellow disciples came here and were fishing after the death of Jesus. And Jesus came here and prepared the fire and meal. Then John found the Lord and told Peter. After that Jesus asked Peter if he loves him three times. This is the Church built to commemorate it.

This is John 21.15: “So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.”

One of seven springs

One of seven springs

This area is known as Heptapegon which means seven springs in Greek. We did not have time to go for it, but I ran and found one of the seven springs.

Olive grinder

Olive grinder

Then we went to ancient Chorazin, one of the three towns Jesus cursed. This is small town, and the people here must have been more conservative, and relatively closed-minded stuck in tradition and religion. That is why Jesus came here and worked so hard to change them. This is ancient olive oil press.

Peter or Peter's mother-in-law's house

Peter or Peter’s mother-in-law’s house

This is Peter’s house in the town of Capernaum. Many of the holy places are just to commemorate and/or the actual locations are in dispute. But this one is 100% legitimate, without any dispute. That means Jesus actually ate, slept, rested, preached, healed and talked there. It is most probable that Jesus walked through the whole town. And there is Jewish synagogue during Jesus time. Jesus went, read scripture and taught there.

Stairway to the roof

Stairway to the roof

This is the house next to Peter’s and you can see the stairway to the roof. In Gospel, good friends carried their paralysed friend to the roof and lowered him down. This is how. And the roof is usually covered with just leaves and straws woods. So it is easy to open.

Sunset in Capernaum

Sunset in Capernaum

This is beautiful sunset. And my crude camera cannot contain the beauty of it.

Monday, 20 January 2014

Israel Trip Tenth Day: Church of Nativity, Refugee Camp

Today was another lecture day.

Stars and Bucks

Stars and Bucks

We walked to the Nativity Church from the bus terminal, and I thought I found on the way ‘Starbucks.’ But it was not.

Christmas Tree

Christmas Tree

In front of, or between the Bethlehem Peace Centre and the Nativity Church, there was a huge Christmas tree. I wonder if it lights up at night. I saw so many tourists here from all over the world; I could recognise some of their languages such as Chinese, Korean, English, French, Spanish. And there were more languages that I could not recognise. I just thought how much Jesus has been contributing to local economy just by being born here.

Church of Nativity

Church of Nativity

This is the Church of Nativity, basically built by Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great (Personally, I don’t like ‘the Great’ part). Helena built this Church, and later Persians came and destroyed all the Churches over 95% of them. When they came to this Church, they saw a paining – three magi offering to Baby Jesus. And the magi were dressed as typical Persians. And the army thought, ‘Wait a minute… this building must have something to do with our ancestors.’ And they left it. This story reminds me how cultural diversity is important.

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If you see the three pictures, you can see the original huge gate at first picture. And then little bit smaller but still cargos can go in and out. Last one is current door and is low so that everyone bows down whenever they go in and to be humble.

Church of Nativity Catholic Sanctuary

Church of Nativity Catholic Sanctuary

The original place built by Helena and repaired by Crusaders is owned by Greek Orthodox. And next to it, Catholic Church is attached.

Jerome translated here the Bible into Latin Vulgate with the help of Paula and her daughter

Jerome translated here the Bible into Latin Vulgate with the help of Paula and her daughter

Catholic Church is of course commemorate the birth place of Jesus. But they also has another purpose – Jerome. If you go down to the basement, you can see the rooms where Jerome stayed and worked. In the picture, Left two persons are Paula and her daughter, the helper of Jerome. Jerome is the only Church Father who studied Hebrew in order to translate the Bible into Latin. And to help him, Paula and her daughter also learned Hebrew and Greek, and eventually they became or fluent in both language than Jerome.

Key to Home

Key to Home

This is one of the refugee camp. The key on top of it means the key to going back home.

Graffiti on Separation Wall

Graffiti on Separation Wall

On the wall, there are lots of graffiti. And the streets are so dirty with overflowing garbage.

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On the wall, along with other graffiti, I found John 3:16 in Korean. It struck my head. Yes, God loves them so much. God loves these persecuted people so much so that He sent his only Son so that they can live.

Lajee Centre

Lajee Centre

There is Lajee Centre. I don’t know what exactly is this, but they have a library for children (where we were sitting), and computer lab, and a few more.

American History

American History

Surprisingly, they have whole volume of American history.

Blocking Entanglement

Blocking Entanglement

They are surrounded by separation wall. Out of the wall used to be their farming field, and work place. But they most of them lost their job. To Jerusalem it used to take 10-15 minutes and now it takes more than 2 hours thanks to the Israeli checkpoint.

Bethlehem University

Bethlehem University

We went to Bethlehem university. It has beautiful buildings.

Dr. Mazin Qumsiyeh

Dr. Mazin Qumsiyeh

Dr. Mazin Qumsiyeh spoke about his perspective of Palestine’s future and history. Interestingly, he is biologist and biology professor. He said if American government moves in the right way, the illegal occupation of Israel would end within two weeks. Well, that might be true since US government give about 2 million dollars to Israel every single day. But the thing is American politicians cannot live without the money from the Jewish lobbyists. And if Obama calls Israel to stop it, he may not be a president the next day.

Lawyer Raffoul Rofa

Lawyer Raffoul Rofa

After lunch where we had before on the day of Shepherds’ field, we came back to school for another session. Mr. Raffoul Rofa is a lawyer, working at St. Yves, a Catholic centre for human rights where 20 staffs working including 8 lawyers. They’ve been working for people with family reunion issues and house demolitions, and the likes. For house demolitions, they’ve got only one permit so far for fifteen years with thousands cases. And even the one was a school building built by US Aid. US Aid pressured the US federal government, and US government told Israel government. This is why they’ve got permit not because they fought in the court.

Rimon Kando Shop

Rimon Kando Shop

And then we had some time in the souvenir shop. I also bought something.

Friday, 17 January 2014

Israel Trip Ninth Day: Hebron

Today was kind of lecture day. We had three speakers in a day: one from religious Jewish, one from Christian group, and another from Muslim Imam.

View of Bethlehem from the Hotel

View of Bethlehem from the Hotel

When I’ve got up in the morning, I went out to the balcony and took this picture – the Bethlehem from the hotel.

Machbelah Cave(?)

Machbelah Cave(?)

And we went to Machbelah in Hebron. Machbelah is the burial cave originally Abraham bought for his wife Sarah. All the most important three generations of Patriarchs with their wives are buried here (by tradition). The only exception is Rachael as you know from the Bible.

헤롯과 그 이후 시대의 막벨라 벽

Machbelah of Herodian and after era

This tomb building is built by Herod. Even though Herod is cruel and did many bad things, there are so many things he left. The stone are recognised by its distinctive frame pattern. The upper part is built by Mamluk.

Machbelah Mosque

Machbelah Mosque

This site is fourth most holy place for Muslims, and before Israeli government came, it was of course Muslim’s. When Israeli army came, they divided it into two sections; one for Muslim, and the other for Jewish. This is muslim side mosque.

Machbelah Mosque Ceiling

Machbelah Mosque Ceiling

Just like other mosques, this one is so beautiful too. About the division, Abraham and Sarah are shared by both sides. They both can see it only though the caged windows. Muslims have Isaac and his wife Rebecca. Jews have Jacob and his wife Leah. Jews got what really matters to them because Jacob is the top common ancestor and is exclusive to them. But for the Muslims, Isaac is not the most important person, but Ishmael.

Prayer towards Mecca

Prayer towards Mecca

As I already wrote in previous posting, you will know where is the direction towards mecca in any mosque.

Sarah's tomb

Sarah’s tomb

When you go into the muslim side of the Machbelah, the very first you would see is Sarah.

Rebecca’s tomb

Rebecca’s tomb

Then inside the mosque, you can see the Rebecca next.

Isaac's tomb

Isaac’s tomb

Isaac is by Rebecca but little bit further.

Abraham's tomb

Abraham’s tomb

If you turn around, then you can see the Abraham.

In front of the Machbelah

In front of the Machbelah

We came out of the muslim side, and some of us went into the Jewish section. We must have gone without our local guide because even though he is Christian, the Israeli soldiers did not let him through. It is very stupid. They know he is law-abiding good citizen and just a tour guide. As you can see in the picture, Hebron and around the Machbelah area is very tensed and so many soldiers and military vehicles are always circling around.

Leah's tomb

Leah’s tomb

In the Jewish section, there is partition and writing “Women” in hebrew. The closer side which is right is Abraham and Sarah. The farther side which is the room on the left is their grandson. When you stepped into the room, Leah is on the right, and Jacob is on the left.

Jacob's tomb

Jacob’s tomb

There is no English signs at all either muslim or Jewish side. In the muslim section, local guide read us the Arabic. In the Jewish side, I was able to recognise the Hebrew names.

Christian Peacemaker Team

Christian Peacemaker Team

Then we went to the Christian Peacemaker Team whose office is in old town Hebron. They have a lot of difficulties working for the persecuted Palestinians, and even one of them were killed. But they still standing on their ground and working, sacrificing for others.

View of Hebron

View of Hebron

This is the Hebron view from the Christian Peacemaker Team office.

Kia Hebron

Kia Hebron

In Bethlehem, I saw Hyundai. And in Hebron, I saw Kia – another Korean auto maker.

Glass Factory

Glass Factory

Then we went to famous Glass Factory. Two were working on each side of the furnace. They presented us great show while they were making glass vases. It is amazing and when they do it, it looks so simple.

Horse as transportation

Horse as transportation

Do you see the horse? It is not for tourists, nor fun. They use it as mean of transportation. I’ve seen some people use horse or donkey as mean of transportation only in Palestinian area. What does this mean?

Tourist Police Bike

Tourist Police Bike

Downtown Hebron is crazy place with tons of cars, buses, trucks and horses too. I’ve never known that there is such thing like Tourist Police. But the officer came to us and guided the bus, sometimes stopping other traffic. How nice to us, the tourists.

Sheep neck

Sheep neck

We went to a very nice restaurant in Hebron whose name is ‘Hebron Restaurant.’ I ordered sheep neck. It was not bad, but ao tender and mild. The meat just melted as soon as my tongue touched it. Speaking of tongue, I ate beef tongue for dinner.

Jewish Settler Speaking

Jewish Settler Speaking

Then we went to nearby synagogue and listened to a religious Jewish settler in Hebron. He said many things, but I guess it was not that impressive to McCormick group. One of the things he said is that Israeli government built hospitals, schools for Palestinians and many of them are thankful for that. When he said that, I was confused if he is Japanese speaking to Koreans under Japanese occupation.

Imam Maher Assaf

Imam Maher Assaf

At the evening, we invited Imam Maher Assaf. Imam is a title for Muslim religious leader. Our local guide sitting next to him translated Arabic into English. He is liberal muslim, and most of the muslim does not think like him. But he is quite interesting figure to me.

Palestine Traditional Drink

Palestine Traditional Drink

At the evening session, our local guide George was with us and he introduced us Palestinian traditional (very strong alcoholic) drink. I forgot the name, but we mixed it with water and put some ice. Of course I did not drink it.

Saturday, 11 January 2014

Israel Trip Fourth Day: Ein Gedi, Qumran, Dead Sea, and Jericho

Today was the very first day that we went to the east side of the hill country, and we saw the wilderness.

Wilderness of Judah

Wilderness of Judah

East of the hill country is dry with just 4 inches of rain whole year. It is because of Foehn wind. When we came close to the dead sea, the wilderness ended and flatbed was spread out in front of us.

Flatbed near the Dead Sea

Flatbed near the Dead Sea

Finally we met the famous dead sea.

Dead Sea

Dead Sea

We ran along the Dead Sea shore, and there are so many dates plantations.

Dates Plantation along the Dead Sea

Dates Plantation along the Dead Sea

The Bible says about the honey a lot, and the thing is there are no bees and consequently there are no honey. And the guide said Bible mentioned possibly about the dates honey. In this area, people make honey out of fruits, and among them, dates honey is the most common thing.

Date Tree

Date Tree

I thought it is palm tree such as Coconut, but the local guide said it is date tree. And when I went to Jericho today, I tasted a date, and it was so sweet. I think that was the sweetest date I’ve ever eaten. I have no idea why, but all the fruits here in Israel has far much better taste.

Thorn Tree

Thorn Tree

We arrived at Ein Gedi, and the very first thing welcomed us was this tree. It is Jujube tree, kind of thorn tree. Many people believe the thorn crown of Jesus was made out of this species of tree (not this tree). The t horns are not only sharp but also very long.

Lower Fall

Lower Fall

On the Ein Gedi hiking route, I saw three falls, and this is the first one just after the entrance, named lower fall. See how the Ein Gedi is dried and deserted.

Dead Tree next to the fall

Dead Tree next to the fall

The tree is just next to the fall and is dead. When King Saul pursued after David to kill, David fled and hid himself in this Ein Gedi and most probably he saw the same or similar thing that I saw today. He probably projected himself to those trees. His psalm sings, “like a tree planted by the water.” I now think it is not just beautiful poetic expression, but the reality and to him it was the matter of life and death. He had to choose to be one of the two trees, and the situation was hopeless. He must have thought that the only chance to be the green tree is to stick to God.

Watching the Dead Sea from Ein Gedi

Watching the Dead Sea from Ein Gedi

If you see the picture above, it is green only along the water. Everywhere else is dry and dead.

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Fall of David

This was our destination – the Fall of David. After here, we headed back.

With Paula Hiebert

With Paula Hiebert

Paula is my Biblical Hebrew professor at McCormick Theological Seminary and wife of Ted Hiebert. She also is a wonderful OT scholar, studied at Harvard University for her doctoral degree.

Caves of Ein Gedi

Caves of Ein Gedi

There are many caves in Ein Gedi, and maybe David hid himself in one of those caves. After Ein Gedi, we headed to Qumran where the famous Dead Sea Scroll was found.

Replica Jars of Qumran

Replica Jars of Qumran

These are the replica of the jars which contained the scrolls about two thousand years.

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Community Rule Scroll

Qumran was actually a community of even 1,000 religious men. Whoever can join but there was three years probation. The life there was very strict, and the scroll above was the Community Rule scroll.

Scriber's Desk

Scriber’s Desk

The member’s daily life is full of religious works, including copying the scripture. This is the scriber’s desk.

Ritual Bath Site

Ritual Bath Site

One of the religious thing was ritual bath. Ritual bath itself was not unique to this community but Essenes emphasised very much, and they had several ritual bath sites when they didn’t have enough water even to drink. Above photo is the actual archaeological site of their ritual bath.

Qumran Cave No. 4

Qumran Cave No. 4

This is Qumran cave No. 4 and is most important cave. It may not be impossible, but highly unlikely that there would be another scrolls to be found, because they searched the entire vicinity thoroughly. At Qumran site, there was a huge group of Korean tourists, and I heard the leader said, “I said SIT DOWN.” Some local people said that they see more Koreans than Jews in Israel, and I also saw a Korean signs in Jericho. We had lunch at Qumran.

Dead Sea Kalia Beach

Dead Sea Kalia Beach

After lunch, we went to Kalia Beach of the Dead Sea. Paula and Ted used to live in Israel for a year and she today told me that she can easily recognise that the water level of the dead sea lowered a lot. Our guide said that the dead sea is dying. It is so sad that everywhere I go, they say the nature is dying. When I went to see the glacier on Rocky Mountains in Canada, the guide said that the glacier is dying. I am afraid in one or two generation, if the guide would just say to the people that ‘it used to be dead sea,’ or ‘it used to be glacier here.’

Sticky Mud!

Sticky Mud!

The mud was so sticky and it tried to take my shoes off all the time. I tasted the water expecting the saltness but I tasted extremely bitterness. And several seconds after, I began to taste the saltness. And I thought about the Elisha’s miracle in Jericho. People appealed to him that the spring water was too bitter. I guess that was because the spring was connected to the dead sea. And Elisha put salt into it. The water is bitter because of too much salt, and he added even more salt. It is crazy and non-sense. His treatment doesn’t really make any sense. But it worked. Likewise, I think, God’s way and Christian’s way is crazy and non-sense to other people’s eyes. But if God helps us, we can do miracles.

Floating!

Floating!

I actually wanted to take a photo holding a news paper or something, but I could not find any. There was a lady who refused to go in because she cannot swim. So I told her the body floats automatically. It feels like someone pushed me up from inside the water.

Dead sea is about 430 metres below sea level, and it is very warm. So we enjoyed semi-summer weather today. The Dead Sea contains high percentage of salt and diverse minerals, they sell the mud for lady’s skin. And I feel my skin got softer and better after the bathing.

Zacchaeus climbed this tree

Zacchaeus climbed this tree

We went to Jericho, our final destination for today. It is believed that Jesus called Zacchaeus down from this tree. I hope everyone can meet Jesus and be called by Him.

Peacock in Jericho

Peacock in Jericho

We went to a very important archaeological site, and there were so many peacocks. They reminded me my honeymoon at Hawaii.

Camel in Jericho

Camel in Jericho

And I saw a camel. Unlike the public image of Israel, I haven’t seen any camel until today. I don’t think even that camel is not for transportation but for fun ride.

Mount Quarantania

Mount Quarantania

The mountain on the back is the Mount Quarantania which means forty, and is also called Temptation Mountain. It is believed that Jesus fasted for forty days and nights and tempted at this mountain.

5000 BC

5000 BC

This is 5,000 BC, so it is about 7,000 years old.

Layers of time

Layers of time

This is the layers of time. Black layers mean the fire destruction.

10,000 BC Tower

10,000 BC Tower

This is the tower built around 10,000 BC and consequently it is 12,000 years old. And this is one of the earliest building of the human history. Actually Jericho is THE OLDEST CITY in the world.

Fortress of 1,900 BC

Fortress of 1,900 BC

This is the fortress and walls behind for fortification built around 1,900 BC. The buildings in ancient Jericho was built with mud bricks and you can see them in the photo. So far the archaeologists failed to find the Jericho wall that Joshua destroyed. Some scholars say that Israel did not really come and destroyed, but the city automatically emptied by themselves even before Israelites came. Some scholars believe that we just did not find the right one yet.

Tuesday, 19 February 2013

Apostle’s Creed in Korean language

There are two things which everyone learns once they become a Christian no matter what denomination they are in – the Lord’s Prayer and Apostle’s Creed.

Since I became a Christian in Korea, I learned those two prayers in Korean language. They are such great prayers in our faith and in our daily lives. When I came to North America (precisely Canada), I attended Canadian Presbyterian Church and of course they do those prayers too, even in English. So I came to learn those two prayers in both languages – Korean first and English later.

But it put me in confusion when I found the versions of Apostle’s Creed are not the same in two languages while the Lord’s Prayer has identical wordings in both languages. So I asked a Korean pastor serving in Korean-American Church in Chicago Suburb who studied and earned two masters degrees – one from best seminary in Korea and the other from TEDS. So many Korean people praise him mostly because of his beautiful education backgrounds, and because he studied both in Korea and America, I thought he would be the best pastor to answer my question.

But to my disappointment, his answer was “WHAT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ARE THEY DIFFERENT??????” So I asked many other pastors the same question, Korean pastors in Canada, Canadian pastors, American pastors. There was no answer but one from a Korean pastor in Canada, saying that the different part is not important so not to worry about.

I cannot agree to him. The Apostle’s Creed has almost same authority as Bible in Christian faith across the world and denomination, consequently it is not possible and/or should not happen to clip and drop some of it just because they think it is not important.

The different part is this: Korean version does not have “He descended into hell.”  I do not know how important or not important this part is in theological view because I am going to study.

Not having any good answer, I googled it by myself and found some history of Korean version of the Apostle’s Creed. Presbyterian and Methodist (and probably some other denominations from Reformed Church) translated the prayer together to make the common version across the denominations in Korea. And the Methodists did not like that part and they suggested to clip it out and Presbyterians agreed.

Koreans Methodists (pastors and scholars) said it is wrong. But I think what they did could not be right for both Korean Methodists and Presbyterians.

For Korean Methodists, if they thought it was really wrong, they should have raised their voice to the whole world so that they also correct their wrong prayer, not just clipping Korean version of it. Or they could have left it as is and explained what is not right to their congregations. For Korean Presbyterians, they should not have stepped back just not to argue especially when they did not agree theologically.

All Korean Christians confess  the Apostle’s Creed and they also confess that it has (almost) same authority as the Bible. If they truly confess and believe so, they should not have clipped and dropped any part of it even a dot. If they take the Bible seriously, then they dare cannot touch this prayer having almost same authority as Bible because they all know what the Bible says at Revelation 22:19 – “And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book” (KJV)

Just for your information, the Catholic Church in Korea who does not share the common translation of the Apostle’s Creed translated by themselves and their version has the part which saying “He descended into hell.”

Now I wish Korean pastors and scholars to translate the Apostle’s Creed again preserving it wholly. I long for the day that the all Christians confess the faith all the same and all together including our brothers and sisters speaking Korean language.

교단이나 교파에 상관없이 기독교인이 되면 누구나 배우는 것이 두 가지 있다. 바로 주기도문과 사도신경이다.

나는 한국에서 기독교인이 되었기 때문에 두 가지 기도문을 한국어로 배웠다. 정말 우리의 삶과 신앙에 주옥과 같은 기도문이 아닐 수 없다. 캐나다에 가서는 캐나다인 장로교회를 다녔기 때문에 당연히 두 가지 기도문을 영어로 했고, 그래서 두 가지 기도문을 한국어와 영어 두 가지 언어로 배우고 외우게 되었다.

주기도문은 두 언어에서 동일한데 비해 사도신경은 다르다는 것을 알게 되었을 때에 혼란스러웠다. 그래서 미국의 한국인 교회에서 시무하시는 한국인 목사님에게 여쭈어 봤다. 그 분은 한국 최고의 신학교라 일컬어지는 사당동 총신대를 졸업하고 미국에서도 아주 뛰어난 트리니티 신학교를 졸업했기 때문에, 한미 양국에서 두 가지 언어로 신학을 공부하셨기 때문에 이런 문제에 대해 여쭙기에는 최고의 목사님이셨다.

하지만 실망스럽게도 내 질문에 대한 구분의 대답은 “뭐!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 달라????????????????”였다. 그래서 다른 여러 목사님들께 여쭈어 보았다. 한국인 목사님, 캐나다 목사님, 미국 목사님 등. 단 한 분 빼고는 묵묵부답이었는데, 그 단 한분도 “다른 부분은 별로 중요한 거 아니니까 상관없어” 였다.

사실 그 대답은 수긍할 수가 없다. 사도신경은 교단을 불문하고 전세계의 모든 기독교인과 그 신앙에 있어서 거의 성경과 동급의 권위를 갖는 것이므로 중요한 것 같지 않다는 이유만으로 일부분을 빼는 행위는 있을 수도 없고 있어서도 안된다.

다른 부분은 바로, 한국어에는 “음부에 내려가시고” 부분이 없다. 아직 신학을 공부하지 않았기 때문에 그 부분이 신학적으로 얼마나 중요한지 또는 하찮은지 모르겠다.

답변을 얻지 못했기 때문에 구글에서 검색을 좀 해서 한국어 사도신경 번역사를 좀 찾았다. 장로교와 감리교가 (그리고 다른 개신교 교단도) 함께 모여서 사도신경을 초교파적으로 함께 사용하기 위해 번역했다고 한다. 그런데 감리교쪽에서 해당 부분을 마음에 들어하지 않아서 잘라내 버리자고 제안을 하고 장로교에서 받아들였다고 한다.

한국의 감리교 목사님들과 신학자들은 이 부분이 잘못되었다고 했다. 하지만 내 생각엔 한국 감리교와 장로교 모두 잘못했다.

한국  감리교는 정말 사도신경이 잘못되었다고 생각하면 한국어 기도문에서만 잘라낼 게 아니라 전세계에 목소리를 높여서  다른 언어권도 기도문을 고칠 수 있도록 했어야 했다. 아니면 기도문 자체는  그대로 남겨두고 교인들에게 무엇이 어떻게 잘못되었는지 설명했어야 했다. 한국 장로교는 특히 자신들이 신학적으로 동의할 수 없는 문제를 단지 논쟁을 피하기 위해 물러서면 안되었다.

모든 한국 기독교인들은 사도신경을 고백하며 또한 사도신경에 성경과 거의 동급의 권위를 갖는다고 고백을 한다. 만일 그들이 진실로 그렇게 고백하고 믿는다면 점 하나라도 잘라내 버리면 안되는 것이다. 만일 그들이 성경을 정말 진지하게 받아들인다면, 성경과 거의 동급의 권위를 갖는 기도문을 감히 건드려서는 안된다. 왜냐면 요한계시록 22:19에서 성경이 어떻게 말하는지 다들 알고 있기 때문이다 – 만일 누구든지 이 책의 예언의 말씀에서 제하여 버리면 하나님이 이 책에 기록된 생명 나무와 및 거룩한 성에 참예함을 제하여 버리시리라.

참고로 한국 천주교에서는 개신교의 사도신경을 사용하지 않고 독자적으로 번역해서 사용하는데, “음부에 내려가시고”라는 부분이 있다.

한국 목사님들과 신학자들이 사도신경을 다시 번역하길 소망한다. 사도신경을 온전히 보존하길 소망한다. 한국어를 사용하는 형제 자매를 포함해서 전세계의 모든 기독교인들이 함께 한 목소리로 한 신앙을 고백하는 날이 오길 고대한다.

Saturday, 2 June 2012

Memory of Chajang-myoun

There is a famous and popular Koreanised Chinese dish named Jajangmyeon which is thick noodle with black paste. I bet all Koreansknow it. When I was young, it was one of the very expensive food which we can afford only on special occasions.

Delicous as always. It had been far too long s...

Jajangmyeon. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

My earliest memory goes back to my youngest sister’s graduation from elementary school. My father allowed my sister to eat it. So my sister and I went to a Chinese Restaurant on the way to school. It was 25 cents for one bowl, and 30 cents for bigger size bowl.

Not only to our family, but to any average families in Korea, this noodle was expensive and special food. So when you move, your friends and neighbours help. Then you have to treat them with good foods. So the movers bought and treated the helpers with Jajangmyeon. And now these days, it is not expensive food but still that custom is alive.

자장면 또는 짜장면이 예전에는 꽤 비싼 음식이어서 우리 집은 내가 어릴 때에 늘 먹을 수 있는 게 아니라 특별한 날에만 먹을 수 있는 음식이었다.

자장면에 대한 가장 이른 기억은 막내 누나가 국민학교를 졸업할 때에 아버지가 자장면을 사먹도록 허락해준 것이다. 누나와 함께 학교 가는 길 중간에 있던 중국집에 가서 자장면을 먹었는데 그때 가격으로 250원이었고, 곱배기는 300원이었다.

우리 집만이 아니라 일반적인 가정들에도 자장면은 비싸고 특별한 음식이었다. 그래서 만일 이사를 할때는, 친구들이 도와주는데, 도움 주는 사람들에게 특별한 무언가를 대접해야 하기 때문에 자장면을 사줘서 대접을 했었다. 요즘은 자장면이 비싼 음식이 아니지만 그러한 관습이 그대로 남아 있다.

Friday, 1 June 2012

Pronunciation and Identity

There is a Korean lady who has been living in America for over fifteen years, even studied for master’s degree at a nice university, so now has a MBA degree.

She always says cucumber as KOO-KOOM-BER and depot as DEE-POT. Today I told her the pronunciation of depot is DEE-POE. And she angrily said, “I AM KOREAN!” What the heck does that mean? Do Koreans have to pronounce like DEE-POT?

What does the pronunciation have to do with the identity? Does the fobby pronunciation give the identity of being Korean?

미국에 15년 이상 살고 있는 한국 아주머니 한 분이, 그냥 살기만한 것도 아니고 좋은 대학교에서 석사학위를 공부해서 MBA를 갖고 있는 분이 계시는데, 늘 cucumber를 큐컴버라고 안하고 쿠쿰버라고 말을 한다. 그리고 depot도 디포라고 안하고 늘 디팟이라고 발음을 하는데, 오늘은 내가 depot의 발음이 디포라고 말해줬는데, 신경질적으로 “나는 한국사람이야!”라고 했다.

아니 뭐 어쩌라고. 한국 사람은 디팟이라고 발음을 해야 한다는 건가? 엉터리 발음이 한국인으로서의 정체성을 주기라도 한단 말인가? 도대체 한국인인 것과 발음이 무슨 상관이 있다는 건지.

Wednesday, 23 September 2009

Third Day of 2009 Summer Trip

We cooked before and after sleep. And we left the motel 2pm. The mom says that her boys do not listen to her and she has no idea whom they took after. But I know – their mom! At the motel or inn, cooking inside the suite is prohibited. But she turned on the burner and cooked. I told her that is forbidden but she again was mad at me saying anything is OK if not found.

여관 방에서 버너에 불을 켜서 요리를 했다. 자기 전에 한 번 하고, 자고 일어나서 또 요리를 해서 먹었다. 그리고 다음 날 오후 2시가 넘어서 출발을 했다.

And on the way, I stopped at a gas station on the highway. There was nothing around from horizon to horizon. And I was a little bit surprised that the gas station was running by Korean family.

도중에 고속도로 주유소에 들렀는데, 지평선부터 지평선까지 주변에 아무 것도 없었는데, 그 주유소가 한국인이 운영하는 것이라서 좀 놀랬다.

Jasper National Park 재스퍼 국립공원

Jasper National Park 재스퍼 국립공원

After 5pm, I got to the Jasper National Park toll gate. I had to pay about $20 a day. About 20 or 30 minutes pass the toll gate, I stopped at a shoulder and relaxed a little bit at an unknown lake.

5시가 넘어서 재스퍼 국립 공원 톨 게이트에 도착했다. 거기서 하루에 20불 요금을 내야 했다. 약 20-30분 더 가서 갓길에 차를 세우고 이름 모를 호수에서 좀 놀았다.

lake in jasper1

Unknown Lake in Jasper 재스퍼의 이름 모를 호수

Unknown Lake in Jasper 재스퍼의 이름 모를 호수

Unknown Lake in Jasper 재스퍼의 이름 모를 호수

I saw a wild fire while I was relaxing myself with my feet in the lake.

호수에 발 담그고 놀고 있는데 산 불난 걸 봤다.

Wild Fire 산불

Wild Fire 산불

In Manitoba or any prairie area in North America, the driving is quite boring because the roads are so flat and straight. But here in Rockies, it is much fun. Some of the highway has just 30km/h speed limit.

마니토바나 북미의 평원지대는 어디를 가던 길이 너무 평평하고 곧아서 운전이 지루할 수 밖에없는데… 록키 지역에선 운전이 재밌다. 일부 구간은 고속도로 제한속도가 시속 30km인 곳도 있다.

Nice Road 매끄러운 길

Nice Road 매끄러운 길

And we went to Jasper Town but the Information Centre was closed because it was Sunday. And I phoned to make a reservation for a camp ground but found that  the same day reservation is not possible.

Just before the Jasper town, I met another stopper of my travel – the elks.

제스퍼 타운에 들어갔는데 여행자 센터는 주일이라서 문을 닫았다. 캠핑장을 예약하기 위해 전화를 했지만, 당일 예약은 안된다는 응답을 받았다.

재스퍼 타운에 가기 직전에 내 여행의 또 다른 훼방꾼을 만났는데, 바로 엘크였다.

Elk on Jasper Road 재스퍼의 엘크

Elk on Jasper Road 재스퍼의 엘크

So I went to a nearest camp ground named Whistler and there I got informed that every single camp ground in Jasper area was full except one – overflow camping.

The overflow camp ground was next to Snaring River Camp Ground near the Pocahontas.

그래서  가장 가까운 휘슬러 캠핑 장에 갔는데, 거기서 재스퍼 지역의 모든 캠핑장은 꽉 찼다는 안내를 받았다. 단 하나 남는 곳이 있는데, 오버플로우였다. 일반적인 캠핑장은 나무들로 둘러쌓인 개별적인 공간을 주는데, 오버플로우는 그런 거 없이 벌판에 아무 곳에나 텐트를 치게 하는 곳으로 모든 캠핑장이 꽉 차면 열리는 곳이다.

오버플로우 캠핑장은 포카혼타스 근처에 있는 스내어링 리버 캠핑장 바로 옆에 있다.

Way to Overflow 오버플로우 가는 길

Way to Overflow 오버플로우 가는 길

We stretched the tent on the overflow camping. My friend’s family slept in the tent and I slept in the car. That night we had quite strong wind and rain and also found that our new burner is very good – won over all the string wind and rain.

오버플로우 캠핑장에 텐트를 치고, 친구네 식구들은 텐트  속에서 자고 나는 차에서 잤다. 그날 밤엔 꽤 비바람이 셌는데 새로 산 버너가 그 모든  비바람에도 꺼지지 않고 정말 좋다는 걸 확인했다.

Overflow Camp Ground 오버플로우 캠핑장

Overflow Camp Ground 오버플로우 캠핑장

Entwistle to Jasper 260km 엔트위슬에서 재스퍼까지

Entwistle to Jasper 260km 엔트위슬에서 재스퍼까지

Friday, 3 April 2009

Korean input in OpenOffice on Linux using SCIM

If you use SCIM on Linux to write Korean in OpenOffice and have problem of switching the order of letters, try this:

scim-setup1

Right click on the SCIM icon on your tray, and click SCIM Setup.

scim-setup2

Go to the Hangul menu under IMEngine.

scim-setup3

Go to the Options tab, and turn on the Commit by word.

This would be easiest workaround for the problem.

오픈오피스에서 한글 입력에 문제가 많이 있었지만, 몰랐다. 한글을 입력하지 않고 살았으니까. 사실 한글 입력은 주로 웹 브라우저에서만 했는데, 불여우에서 문제가 없었다.

그러나, 누나한테 문제가 있다는 얘길 듣고, 확인해 보니 사실이었다. 우리집에서 나타난 문제는 글자 입력의 순서가 뒤바뀌는 경우였다. 예를 들어 대한을 입력하면 한대로 나타나는 것. 한대 맞고 싶나보다.

문제는 굉장히 자주 발생했고, 오픈오피스를 사용할 수 없을 지경이었다. 다른 어떤 프로그램에서도 나타나지 않았고, 오직 오픈오피스에서만 발생했다.

사용 환경은, 우분투였으며, 입력기는 SCIM이었다. 인터넷을 찾아보니 동일한 문제로 많은 보고가 있었고, 여러가지 해결책이 나왔다. openoffice.org-gtk랑 openoffice.org-gnome 패키지는 지우는 것 부터, 입력기를 nabi등 다른 걸 쓰는 것, 그리고 wine을 사용하지 않는 것 (왜? 와인이랑 뭔 상관?), 그리고 라이브러리를 교체하는 것 까지 다양했다.

하지만, 문제는 뭔 짓을 해도 해결이 안됐다는 거.

결국 혼자서 SCIM 설정을 살펴보다 해결책을 발견했다. 사실, 해결이라기 보다는, 피해가는 방법이지만.

먼저 시스템 트레이에 있는 SCIM 아이콘을 마우스 오른쪽 클릭해서 조그만 메뉴를 불러낸다.

scim-setup1

그리고 SCIM Setup을 눌러서 설정 메뉴로 들어간다.

scim-setup2

설정메뉴에서는 IMEngine아래에 있는 Hangul을 눌러서 한글 관련된 부분으로 간다.

scim-setup3

한글 관련 부분에서는 Options 탭으로 가는데, 그 중에 마지막에 있는 Commit by word를 체크표시를 해 준다. 이는 단어 단위로 한글을 입력하게 해 주는데, 바꿔 말하면, 스페이스나 기호등 한글 이외의 입력이 있기 전까지 입력기가 응용프로그램에 한글을 전달해 주지 않는 다는 의미다.

이렇게 해 주면, 어째든 문제가 발생하지 않는다. 대한민국은 여전히 대한민국이고 캐나다는 여전히 캐나다로 남아 있다. 다만, 입력 중에는 한글 여러 글자가 계속 밑줄이 쳐져 있는 게 아직은 눈에 거슬리긴 하지만.

Sunday, 4 January 2009

Drunken in WINE – kr locale

I like wine. Wine is a software that allows the users of unix like OS to run the MS Windows applications and stands for Wine Is Not an Emulator.

난 와인이 참 좋다. 와인은 유닉스 계열의 운영체제에서 윈도우 프로그램을 돌릴 수 있게 해 주는 소프트웨어로 Wine Is Not an Emulator(와인은 단순 에뮬이 아니랑께)의 약자다.

I have two windows application that I use on my Ubuntu box – HWP viewer and MS Powerpoint viewer (HWP is or was very popular korean word processor). But I had a problem. The wine programmes did not show the correct Korean characters.

사용하던 와인 어플이 두 개 있었는데, 한글 뷰어와 파워포인트 뷰어다. 근데 문제가, 한글이 제대로 안보인다는 거였다.

My ubuntu’s locale is en_CA.UTF-8 (which means Canadian English). And the open dialogue box of HWP viewer was:

내 우분투의 로케일은 en_CA.UTF-8로 (국가는 캐나다, 언어는 영어란 뜻) 이전의 한글 뷰어 열기 대화상자는 아래와 같다:

hwp viewer in en locale (on linux using wine)

The Korean fonts are ugly, and some Koreans were replaced by question marks. For Powerpoint viewer, it did not show the korean characters properly – replacing them by the blank sqares.

한글 글꼴이 안예쁘고 일부는 물음표로 바뀌어 나왔다. 파워포인트 뷰어는 한글 자체를 제대로 보여주지 못했다. (네모로 바뀜)

So I wrote a very simple shell script:

그래서 처리한 것이, 간단한 쉘을 만들었다:

#!/bin/sh
export LANG=ko_KR.UTF-8
wine /home/crinje/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/HncViewer/HwpViewer70/HwpView.exe

Actually there was a last line saying “Export LANG=en_CA.UTF-8” but I realised shortly that when the shell script ends, the child shell will be vanished, and nothing affects the mother process.

사실 로케일을 캐나다 영어로 바꾸는 마지막 줄이 있었는데, 스크립트가 종료할 때, 자식 쉘이 사라지고, 부모 쉘엔 아무 영향도 미치지 않는다는 걸 알았다.

And the result is: 결과는:

ubuntu wine hwpviewer in kr locale

The font is nice and no problem on displaying korean characters at all. It is the same with Powerpoint viewer.

글꼴도 예쁘고 한글도 잘 나온다. 파워포인트 뷰어도 마찬가지다.

Tuesday, 12 August 2008

Guiding Korean Pavilion

Filed under: Lang:English,Lang:한국어,Subj:Canada,Subj:Life — Jemyoung Leigh @ 14:46
Tags: , , ,

Last year, I visited several pavilions of Folklorama.You can read and see my postings:

Now the second week of Folklorama is going on now. This evening I am going to go to the Korean Pavilion with a family in Church. I already heard two or three other families are going to go (I will not accompany them). It is quite big change that none went to Korean Pavilion last year.

Some Church members read books on Korea too. I am thankful that they are interested in Korea (probably because of me, I hope). And I want Korea to be a better country in every aspect.

지난 해 포클로라마 축제에서 여러 파빌리온에 갔었다. 작년의 글과 사진 및 동영상은 아래에서 볼 수 있다.

지금은 2008년 포클로라마 2주차가 진행중이다. 오늘 저녁에 교회의 한 식구와 함께 한국 파빌리온에 가이드로서 간다. 여기 말고도 한국 파빌리온에 간다는 교회 가정들을 둘 셋 더 들었다. 작년엔 아무도 안갔다는 걸 생각하면 큰 변화다.

또, 한국에 관한 책을 읽고 물어보시는 분들도 있다. 한국에 관심을 가져주니 (아마 나 때문에) 감사할 따름이다. 부디 한국이 모든 면에서 더 좋은 나라가 되었으면 좋겠다.

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