Hannah and Je together

Monday, 7 January 2008

Gerund and TO-Infinitive

Filed under: Lang:English,Subj:Languages — Jemyoung Leigh @ 13:00
Tags: , ,

Among the English verbs, some take Gerund in form of -ing and some take to-infinitive. Of course some can take both. When I was a freshman in the University, I asked for it of the English teacher who is English Native Speaker. 

I: How can I tell a verb takes -ing or to-infinitive?

Teacher: If you use to-infinitive first, and you feel it strange, then you should use -ing and viseversa.

Oh my God. He has intuition about English because he is English Native Speaker, but that way surely does not work to me! To know is one thing and to teach is totally another. He cannot tell and answer because he did not studied English Grammar. There are so many English teachers in Korea who are Native English Speakers and who cannot teach English well!!!

Now I think, there must be some difference in meaning. Precisely speaking, in tense. It would not in all cases but most, I guess.

To-infinitive is towards the future, and gerund (-ing) is toward the past or currently progressing. (I felt it speaking and listening to English here in Canada)

For instance, you say Glad to meet you when you just meet a person and are going to have a meeting or talking. And you say Nice meeting you or Glad talking to you when you just finished the meeting.

I think it in other verbs and other cases. Stop is very famous verb taking both:

  1. Stop smoking
  2. Stop to smoke

#1 means you do not smoke any more which you did in the past or you are doing now. #2 means you are going to smoke in close future. And yes, it has something to do with tense.

Well, maybe everyone knows except me. 🙂

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