Hannah and Je together

Monday, 21 August 2006

Close the door and go out!

Filed under: Lang:English,Subj:Languages — Jemyoung Leigh @ 10:09

Without special word which specifies the time order, the words order in a sentence follows the time order. For instance, if I say “I went there and met her,” I first did ‘go’ and then ‘meet.’ The word order of go-meet represents the time order.

But one of the most frequently used sentence in Korean is “Close the door and go out!” It is apparently not time order. We first go out and then close the door. Why is that? It is surely against the grammar.

But what if it is grammatical – that is time order? One close the door first and then go out. If so, I must assume that the ancestors of Korean people were X Men! My ancestors were passing through the walls. ๐Ÿ™‚

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Friday, 18 August 2006

์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ํ•ด์š”?

Filed under: Lang:ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด,Subj:Languages — Jemyoung Leigh @ 16:16

์–ด์ œ ์ง‘์— ๊ฐ€๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ์‹ ๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ์—์„œ ๋“ค์—ˆ๋˜ ๋Œ€ํ™”์•„์คŒ๋งˆ ์†๋‹˜: ์•„์ €์”จ ์ด ์‹ ๋ฐœ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ํ•ด์š”?
์•„์ €์”จ ์ฃผ์ธ: 2๋งŒ 2์ฒœ์›๋งŒ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”.

๋ฌธ๋“ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด ๋ณด๋‹ˆ ์ฐธ ์ด์ƒํ•œ ๋Œ€ํ™”์˜€๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ๋‚˜๋„ ๋Š˜ ์ €๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋งํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ์–ธ์–ด๊ฐ€ ํ™”์šฉ๋ก (pragmatics)๊ณผ ์˜๋ฏธ๋ก (semantics)์ด ๋‹ค๋ฅด๊ณ , ์‹ค์ƒํ™œ ์–ธ์–ด๋Š” ํ™”์šฉ๋ก ์ด ์ ์šฉ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ, ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•ด๋„ ๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋ฉด ๋งž๋Š” ๋ง์ด ๋˜์–ด ๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ์ง€๋งŒ ๋ง์ด๋‹ค.

์˜๋ฏธ๋ก ์  ๊ด€์ ์—์„œ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์ด ๋Œ€๋‹ต์œผ๋กœ ๋‚˜์˜ค๋ ค๋ฉด โ€œ์•„์ €์”จ ์ด ์‹ ๋ฐœ ์–ผ๋งˆ์˜ˆ์š”?โ€œ๋ผ๋Š” ์งˆ๋ฌธ์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  โ€˜์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋ƒโ€˜๋Š” ์งˆ๋ฌธ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์˜๋ฏธ๋ก ์  ๋Œ€๋‹ต์€ โ€œํŒ”๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”โ€œ๋ผ๋˜๊ฐ€ โ€œ์‹ ๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”โ€œ๊ฐ€ ์ ๋‹นํ•˜๋‹ค.

๋‹ค๋“ค ์•Œ๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ์–˜๊ธฐ์ง€๋งŒ, โ€œ๋ฌธ ๋‹ซ๊ณ  ๋‚˜๊ฐ€โ€œ๋ผ๋Š” ๋ง. ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์ ˆ๋Œ€์ ์œผ๋กœ ์–ธ์–ด์˜ ์ˆœ์„œ๋Š” ์‹œ๊ฐ„์˜ ์ˆœ์„œ์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅธ๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ์ˆœ์„œ๋ฅผ ๋ช…์‹œํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์•”์‹œํ•˜๋Š” ๋ง์ด ๋”ฐ๋กœ ๋ถ™๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ๋Š” ์˜ˆ์™ธ๋‹ค.

์˜ˆ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์–ด, โ€˜๋ฐฅ ๋จน๊ณ  ๊ฐ€โ€˜์—์„œ๋Š” ๋ฐฅ์„ ๋จผ์ € ๋จน๊ณ , ๊ทธ ํ›„์— ๊ฐ€๋ผ๋Š” ๋œป์ด๋‹ค. โ€˜๋ฎ์น˜๋ฉด ์ฃฝ์–ดโ€˜์—์„œ๋„ ๋จผ์ € ๋ฎ์น˜๊ฒŒ ๋˜๊ณ  ์ฃฝ์Œ์€ ๊ทธ ๋’ท ์ผ์ด๋‹ค.

ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ โ€˜๋ฌธ ๋‹ซ๊ณ  ๋‚˜๊ฐ€โ€˜๋Š” ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ์ˆœ์„œ๊ฐ€ ๊ฑฐ๊พธ๋กœ ๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๋งŒ์ผ ์–ธ์–ด๊ฐ€ ์˜ˆ์™ธ์ ์ด์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  ์ด ๋ง๋„ ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ์ˆœ์„œ๋Œ€๋กœ ๋ฐฐ์—ด๋œ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋ผ๋ฉด, ์ด ๋ง์ด ์•„๋ฌด๋ ‡์ง€๋„ ์•Š๊ฒŒ ์ผ์ƒ์ ์œผ๋กœ ์“ฐ์ด๋Š” ํ•œ๊ตญ์€, ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ํ‹€๋ฆผ์—†์ด ์กฐ์ƒ์ด ๋ชจ๋‘ ๋‹ค X Man๋“ค์ด์—ˆ์Œ์ด ํ‹€๋ฆผ์—†๋‹ค. ์•„, ํ•œ๋ฏผ์กฑ์€ X Man์˜ ํ›„์†์ด๋กœ๊ตฌ๋‚˜!

Thursday, 17 August 2006

Lyrics: ใˆใ‚Šใ‚ใ—โ€Aiko

ใ“ใฎๆญŒ่ฉžใฏAIKOใฎใˆใ‚Šใ‚ใ—ใงใ€ใจใฆใ‚‚ๅฅฝใใชๆญŒใงใ™ใ€‚


ใถใฃใŸใ‚Šใ—ใฆใ”ใ‚ใ‚“ใญใ€€ๆ„›(ใ„ใจ)ใ—ใใฆไป•ๆ–น(ใ—ใ‹ใŸ)ใชใ‹ใฃใŸ
ใญใ‡ใ€€ๆณฃ(ใช)ใ็œŸไผผ(ใพใญ)ใ—ใฆใ”ใ‚ใ‚“ใญใ€€ๅ›ฐ(ใ“ใพ)ใฃใŸ้ก”(ใ‹ใŠ)ใŒ่ฆ‹(ใฟ)ใŸใใฆใใ—ใฆใ€€ใ‚ใชใŸใฎ่ƒŒไธญ(ใ‚ปใƒŠใ‹)ใŒ้ (ใจใŠ)ใ–ใ‹ใ‚Š
ๆœ€ๅพŒ(ใ•ใ„ใ”)ใซๆฐ—ไป˜(ใใฅ)ใๅ„š(ใฏใ‹ใชใ„)ใๆ„š(ใŠใ‚)ใ‹่€…(ใ‚‚ใฎ)ๆ™‚(ใจใ)ใฏ็ตŒ(ใŸ)ใก็›ฎ(ใ‚)ใ‚’ใคใ‚€ใฃใฆใ‚‚ๆญฉ(ใ‚ใ‚‹)ใ‘ใ‚‹็จ‹(ใปใฉ)ใ‚ˆใ€€ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฎๆ—…(ใŸใณ)
ๅญฃ็ฏ€(ใใ›ใค)ใซ้€†(ใ•ใ‹)ใ‚‰ใ„ๆƒณ(ใŠใ‚‚)ใ„็ถš(ใคใฅ)ใ‘ใฆไปŠ(ใ„ใพ)ใ‚‚ใ‚ใชใŸใ‚’ๅฅฝ(ใ™)ใใชใพใพใ‚ˆ

็œŸ(ใพ)ใฃใ™ใใชๅ„ช(ใ‚„ใ•)ใ—ใ•ใซใ€€่ƒธ(ใ‚€ใญ)ใŒ็—›(ใ„ใŸ)ใ„ใจ่จ€(ใ„)ใฃใŸ
่ผ(ใ‹ใŒใ‚„)ใใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅธŒๆœ›(ใใผใ†)ใซใ€€ๆฏ(ใ„ใ)ใฏ่‹ฆ(ใใ‚‹)ใ—ใใชใฃใŸ

ใ‚ใฎใญใ€€ใ“ใ‚“ใชใ‚ใŸใ—ใงใ‚‚ใ“ใ‚Œใ‹ใ‚‰ใฏ
ๅค‰(ใ‹)ใ‚ใ‚‰ใชใ„ๆƒณ(ใŠใ‚‚)ใ„ใ ใ‘ใ‚’ๆŠฑ(ใ )ใใ—ใ‚ใฆ

ๆ™‚(ใจใ)ใฏ็ตŒ(ใŸ)ใก็›ฎ(ใ‚)ใ‚’ใคใ‚€ใฃใฆใ‚‚ๆญฉ(ใ‚ใ‚‹)ใ‘ใ‚‹็จ‹(ใปใฉ)ใ‚ˆใ€€ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฎๆ—…(ใŸใณ)
้ (ใจใŠ)ใใซใ„ใฆใ‚‚้›ข(ใฏใช)ใ‚Œใฆใ„ใฆใ‚‚ๆตฎ(ใ†)ใ‹ใ‚“ใงใใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ‚ใชใŸใ ใ‘ใŒ

ไบ”ๅนดๅพŒ(ใ”ใญใ‚“ใ”)ใ‚ใชใŸใ‚’่ฆ‹(ใฟ)ใคใ‘ใŸใ‚‰ใ€€่ƒŒ็ญ‹(ใ›ใ™ใ˜)ใ‚’ไผธ(ใฎ)ใฐใ—ใฆๅฃฐ(ใ”ใˆ)ใ‚’ๆŽ›(ใ‹)ใ‘ใ‚‹ใญ
ไธ€ๅบฆ(ใ„ใกใฉ)ใŸใ‚Šใจใ‚‚ๅฟ˜(ใ‚ใ™)ใ‚ŒใŸไบ‹(ใ“ใจ)ใฏใชใ„ใ€€ๅฐ‘(ใ™ใ“)ใ—ใฎใณใŸ่ฅŸ่ถณ(ใˆใ‚Šใ‚ใ—)ใ‚’
ใ‚ใชใŸใฎไธ‹ๆ‰‹(ใธใŸ)ใช็ฌ‘้ก”(ใˆใŒใŠ)ใ‚’


๋„๋„ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๊ตด์–ด์„œ ๋ฏธ์•ˆํ•ด ์‚ฌ๋ž‘์Šค๋Ÿฌ์›Œ์„œ ์–ด์ฉ” ์ˆ˜ ์—†์—ˆ์–ด
์ €๊ธฐ, ์šฐ๋Š” ์ฒ™ํ•ด์„œ ๋ฏธ์•ˆํ•ด ๊ณค๋ž€ํ•œ ์–ผ๊ตด์„ ๋ณด๊ณ  ์‹ถ์—ˆ์–ด๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋Œ€์˜ ๋’ท๋ชจ์Šต์ด ๋ฉ€์–ด์ ธ ์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๊ณ 
๋งˆ์ง€๋ง‰์— ๊นจ๋‹ณ์€ ๋ถ€์งˆ์—†๋Š” ์–ด๋ฆฌ์„์Œ์‹œ๊ฐ„์€ ํ˜๋Ÿฌ ๋ˆˆ์„ ๊ฐ์•„๋„ ๊ฑธ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ์ •๋„์•ผ ๋‚˜์˜ ์—ฌํ–‰์„
๊ณ„์ ˆ์„ ๊ฑฐ์Šฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ณ„์† ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด์„œ ์ง€๊ธˆ๋„ ๋‹น์‹ ์„ ๊ณ„์† ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด

๋„ˆ๋ฌด๋‚˜ ์ž์ƒํ•ด์„œ ๊ฐ€์Šด์ด ์•„ํ”„๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋งํ•œ
๋น›๋‚˜๋Š” ๊ทธ๋Œ€์˜ ํฌ๋ง์— ์ˆจ๋„ ๊ดด๋กœ์™€์กŒ์–ด

์ €๊ธฐ ๋ง์•ผ, ์ด๋Ÿฐ ๋‚˜๋ผ๋„ ์ด์ œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ๋Š”
๋ณ€ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ๋งˆ์Œ๋งŒ์„ ํ’ˆ์— ์•ˆ์„๊ป˜

์‹œ๊ฐ„์€ ํ˜๋Ÿฌ ๋ˆˆ์„ ๊ฐ์•„๋„ ๊ฑธ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ์ •๋„์•ผ ๋‚˜์˜ ์—ฌํ–‰์„
๋ฉ€๋ฆฌ ์žˆ์–ด๋„ ๋–จ์–ด์ ธ ์žˆ์–ด๋„ ๋‹น์‹ ๋งŒ์ด ๋– ์˜ฌ๋ผ

5๋…„ ๋’ค์— ๋‹น์‹ ์„ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ๋“ฑ์„ ํŽด๊ณ  ์†Œ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์ง€๋ฅผ๊บผ์•ผ
๋‹จ ํ•œ๋ฒˆ๋„ ์žŠ์€ ์ ์ด ์—†์–ด ์กฐ๊ธˆ ์ปธ๋˜ ๋ชฉ๋œ๋ฏธ๋ฅผ
๋‹น์‹ ์˜ ์„œํˆฐ ์›ƒ์Œ์„

Wednesday, 16 August 2006

ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด์™€ ์ผ๋ณธ์–ด์˜ โ€˜์ด๋ฒˆโ€™์˜ ์ฐจ์ด

Filed under: Lang:ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด,Subj:Languages — Jemyoung Leigh @ 16:15

ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด์™€ ์ผ๋ณธ์–ด์˜ โ€˜์ด๋ฒˆโ€™(์ผ๋ณธ์–ด๋กœ๋Š” ไปŠๅบฆ)์— ํฐ ์ฐจ์ด๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฑธ ์•Œ์•˜๋‹ค.์˜ˆ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์–ด์„œ ์ง€ํ•˜์ฒ ์„ ํƒ€๊ณ  A์—ญ์—์„œ B์—ญ์œผ๋กœ ๊ฐ€๋Š” ๋„์ค‘์— ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•˜์ž, ์ด ๋•Œ ์ด๋ฒˆ ์—ญ์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ํ•˜๋ฉด ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด๋กœ๋Š” ๋ณดํ†ต B์—ญ์„ ๋งํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ์ผ๋ณธ์–ด์—์„œ๋Š” A์—ญ์„ ์˜๋ฏธํ•œ๋‹ค.

์ผ๋ณธ์–ด๋กœ โ€œไปŠๅบฆใ‚ใ‚ŠใŒใจใ†ใ”ใ–ใ„ใพใ—ใŸโ€๋ผ๋Š” ๋ง์„ ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด๋กœ ์ง์—ญํ•˜๋ฉด โ€œ์ด๋ฒˆ์— ๊ณ ๋งˆ์› ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹คโ€์ธ๋ฐ, ์ข€ ์–ด์ƒ‰ํ•˜๋‹ค. ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด๋กœ๋Š” ๋ณดํ†ต โ€œ์ง€๋‚œ ๋ฒˆ์—” ๊ณ ๋งˆ์› ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹คโ€๊ณ  ํ•œ๋‹ค.

์ด๋ฒˆ์ด๋ž€ ๋ง์ด ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด์—์„œ๋Š” (๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šด) ๋ฏธ๋ž˜์˜ ๋‰˜์•™์Šค๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์ง€๋งŒ ์ผ๋ณธ์–ด์—์„œ๋Š” (๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šด) ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์˜ ๋Š๋‚Œ์„ ํฌํ•จํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค.

ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด์™€ ์ผ๋ณธ์–ด๋Š” ์ƒ๋‹นํžˆ ๋น„์Šทํ•œ ๋ฉด๋ชจ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ์€ ์–ธ์–ด์ง€๋งŒ, ์ด๋Ÿฐ ๋ฏธ๋ฌ˜ํ•œ ์ฐจ์ด์ ์œผ๋กœ ์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค.

์•ผ๋งˆํ† ๋‚˜๋ฐ์‹œ์ฝ”

Filed under: Lang:ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด,Subj:Culture — Jemyoung Leigh @ 16:10

์•ผ๋งˆํ† ๋‚˜๋ฐ์‹œ์ฝ”๋ผ๋Š” ์ผ๋ณธ ๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ํ•œ๊ตญ์—์„œ๋Š” ์š”์กฐ์ˆ™๋…€๋กœ ๋ฆฌ๋ฉ”์ดํฌ ๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ๋ณด์ง€ ์•Š์•„์„œ ์ž˜ ๋ชจ๋ฅด๊ฒ ๋‹ค.์–ผ๋งˆ์ „ ๋งค์น˜ ํฌ์ธํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋ณด๋ฉด์„œ ์ด ๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ๊ฐ€ ์ƒ๊ฐ๋‚ฌ๋‹ค.

์ด ๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ์—๋Š” ๋„ค ๋ช…์˜ ์ฃผ์š” ์ธ๋ฌผ์ด ๋‚˜์˜ค๋Š”๋ฐ, ์ง„๋…ธ ์‚ฌ์ฟ ๋ผ์ฝ”์™€ ๋‚˜์นดํ•˜๋ผ ์˜ค์Šค์ผ€์˜ ์—ฐ์•  ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์ค‘์‹ฌ์— ์ž๋ฆฌ์žก๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ์€ ๊ทธ ๋‘˜์ด ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•˜๊ณ  ํ–‰๋ณตํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์ž˜ ์‚ฐ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒฐ๋ก ์œผ๋กœ ํ•ดํ”ผ ์—”๋”ฉ์ธ๋ฐ ๋‚˜์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ๊ฐ€ ๋๋‚˜๊ณ  ๋„ˆ๋ฌด๋‚˜ ๊ฐ€์Šด์ด ์•„ํŒ ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜๋จธ์ง€ ๋‘ ์ธ๋ฌผ์˜ ๋ถˆํ–‰์ด ๋‚ด๊ฒŒ ๋” ํฌ๊ฒŒ ๋‹ค๊ฐ€์™”๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค.

์ง„๋…ธ ์‚ฌ์ฟ ๋ผ์ฝ”์—๊ฒŒ ๋ฌด์ฒ™์ด๋‚˜ ํ—Œ์‹ ์ ์ด์—ˆ๋˜ ์ข…ํ•ฉ๋ณ‘์› ์›์žฅ์˜ ์•„๋“ค๋กœ ๋Œ€๋‹จํ•œ ๋ถ€์ž์ธ ํ•˜๊ฐ€์‹œ์ฅฌ์ฃ  ์ธ ์นด์‚ฌ. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋‚˜์นดํ•˜๋ผ ์˜ค์Šค์ผ€๋ฅผ ์ง„์‹ฌ์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•˜๊ณ  ์˜จ ๋งˆ์Œ์„ ๋‹ค ๋‚ด์–ด์ฃผ๊ณ  ๋ฐ”๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์†Œ๋ฐ•ํ–ˆ๋˜ ์ง„๋…ธ ์‚ฌ์ฟ ๋ผ์ฝ”์˜ ์ŠคํŠœ์–ด๋””์Šค ํ›„๋ฐฐ์ธ ์‹œ์˜คํƒ€ ์™€์นด๋ฐ”.

ํžˆ๊ฐ€์‹œ์ฅฌ์ฃ  ์ธ ์นด์‚ฌ๋„ ํ—Œ์‹ ํ–ˆ๋˜ ์—ฌ์ž์—๊ฒŒ ๋ฒ„๋ฆผ์„ ๋ฐ›์•˜๋‹ค. ๋‚ด ๋งˆ์Œ์„ ๋”์šฑ ์•„ํ”„๊ฒŒ ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์€ ์‹œ์˜คํƒ€ ์™€์นด๋ฐ”๋กœ ์ •๋ง ํ—Œ์‹ ์ ์ด์—ˆ๊ณ  ๋ˆ์„ ๋ฐ”๋ผ์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  ๊ฐ€๋‚œํ•œ ์ƒ์„ ์ง‘์„ ์šด์˜ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ทธ๋ฅผ ์˜จ ๋งˆ์Œ์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ–ˆ๋˜ ๊ทธ๋…€๋„ ๊ฐ€์ฐจ์—†์ด ๋ฒ„๋ฆผ์„ ๋ฐ›์•˜๋‹ค. ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต์˜ ํ–‰๋ณต์„ ์œ„ํ•ด ์ฃผ๋ณ€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋ฒ„๋ฆผ๋ฐ›๊ณ  ์ƒ์ฒ˜๋ฐ›์•„๋„ ์ƒ๊ด€์ด ์—†๋Š” ๊ฑด๊ฐ€?

๋„ˆ๋ฌด๋‚˜ ๊ฐ€์Šด์ด ์•„ํŒ ๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์‹œ์˜คํƒ€ ์™€์นด๋ฐ” ์—ญ์„ ๋งก์•˜๋˜ ์•ผ๋‹ค ์•„ํ‚ค์ฝ”๋ฅผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๋”์šฑ ๊ฐ€์Šด์ด ์•„ํŒ ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.

๋˜ํ•œ, ๋‚  ๋ฌด์ฒ™์ด๋‚˜ ์Šฌํ”„๊ฒŒ ํ–ˆ๋˜ ๊ฒƒ์€ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘์˜ ํž˜์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ์—์„œ ๋น„์Šทํ•œ ์‚ผ๊ฐ ๊ด€๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์˜ค๋Š”๋ฐ, ๋‚˜์นดํ•˜๋ผ ์˜ค์Šค์ผ€ ์—ญ์„ ๋งก์•˜๋˜ ์ธ ์ธ ๋ฏธ ์‹ ์ด์น˜๋ฅผ ์•ผ๋‹ค ์•„ํ‚ค์ฝ”๊ฐ€ ๋˜ ๋‹ค์‹œ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•˜๊ณ  ํ—Œ์‹ ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฐ์—ญ์„ ๋งก์•˜๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค์‹œ ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ์—๋Š” ์ธ ์ธ ๋ฏธ ์‹ ์ด์น˜ ์ด๋†ˆ์ด ์•ผ๋‹ค ์•„ํ‚ค์ฝ”๋ฅผ ๋ฒ„๋ ธ๋‹ค. ๋‘ ๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ์—์„œ ๋˜‘๊ฐ™์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์„ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•˜๊ณ  ํ—Œ์‹ ํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ์—๋Š” ๋˜ ๋ฒ„๋ฆผ์„ ๋ฐ›์•˜๋‹ค.

์ด ์„ธ์ƒ๋„ ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต์„ ์ค‘์‹ฌ์œผ๋กœ ์›€์ง์ด๊ฒ ์ง€? ์ฃผ๋ณ€์ธ๋ฌผ์˜ ๋ถˆํ–‰์ด ๋‚ด๊ฒŒ๋Š” ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต์˜ ํ–‰๋ณต๋ณด๋‹ค ๋ฐฑ๋ฐฐ๋Š” ๋” ํฌ๊ฒŒ ๋‹ค๊ฐ€์˜จ๋‹ค.

๋งค์น˜ํฌ์ธํŠธ

Filed under: Lang:ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด,Subj:Culture — Jemyoung Leigh @ 16:09

์ง€๋‚œ ์ฃผ์— ๋งค์น˜ํฌ์ธํŠธ๋ผ๋Š” ์˜ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋ดค๋‹ค. ์Šค์นผ๋ › ์กฐํ•œ์Šจ์ด ๋‚˜์˜จ ์˜ํ™”์ธ๋ฐ, ์ด ์˜ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋ณด๊ณ  ๋ฌด์ฒ™ ์ŠฌํŽ๋‹ค.๋‚œ ์–ธ์ œ๋‚˜ ๊ทธ๋ ‡๋“ฏ์ด ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต์ด ์•„๋‹Œ ๊ทธ ์ฃผ๋ณ€์˜ ์ธ๋ฌผ์—๊ฒŒ ๋” ๊ด€์‹ฌ์ด ๊ฐ„๋‹ค.

์ด ์˜ํ™”์—์„œ ํฌ๋ฆฌ์Šค๋Š” ๊ฐ€๋‚œํ•œ ์ถœ์‹ ์œผ๋กœ ๋Ÿฐ๋˜์— ์™€์„œ ๋ถ€์ž ๋ช…๋ฌธ๊ฐ€์˜ ํด๋กœ์ด์™€ ๊ฒฐํ˜ผ์„ ํ•˜์—ฌ ์„ฑ๊ณตํ•˜๋ ค๋Š” ์•ผ๋ง์„ ์ถฉ์กฑ์‹œํ‚ค์ง€๋งŒ ์ฒ˜๋‚จ์˜ ์˜› ์•ฝํ˜ผ๋…€์˜€๋˜ ๋†€๋ผ ๋ผ์ด์Šค(Nola Rice)๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ ํ˜น์€ ์š•์ •์„ ํ’ˆ๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค.

๋†€๋ผ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์•Œ์•„๋ณด์ž. ์ฝœ๋กœ๋ผ๋„์˜ ๊ฐ€๋‚œ๋ฑ…์ด ์ถœ์‹ ์œผ๋กœ ์•„๋น ๋„ ์–ด๋ ค์„œ ์ฃฝ๊ณ , ์—„๋งˆ๋Š” ๋งˆ์•ฝ ์ค‘๋…์ด๋‹ค. ์–ธ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š”๋ฐ, ๋‘˜ ๋‹ค ๋ชจ๋‘ ๋Œ€๋‹จํ•œ ๋ฏธ๋…€๋ผ๊ณ  ํ•œ๋‹ค. ์–ธ๋‹ˆ๋Š” ์ฒญ์ดˆํ•œ ๋ฏธ์ธ์ด๊ณ  ์ž์‹ ์€ ์„น์‹œํ•œ ๋ฏธ์ธ์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ํ•œ๋‹ค. ํ™•์‹คํžˆ ๊ธฐ์–ต์€ ์•ˆ๋‚˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ์–ธ๋‹ˆ๋„ ์ฃฝ์—ˆ๋˜๊ฐ€ ์•”ํŠผ ๋งค์šฐ ๋ถˆํ–‰ํ•˜๋‹ค.

์–ด์ฉŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๋Ÿฐ๋˜์— ์™€์„œ ๋ถ€์ž ๋ช…๋ฌธ๊ฐ€์˜ ์•„๋“ค๊ณผ ์•ฝํ˜ผ์„ ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๊ทธ์˜ ์–ด๋จธ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ๋น„์ฒœํ•œ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ์•„๊ฐ€์”จ๋ฅผ ๋งค์šฐ ์‹ซ์–ดํ•ด์„œ ๊นจ์ง€๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค. ์ด ๊ฑด ํฐ ๋ฌธ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์•ˆ๋œ๋‹ค. ๋†€๋ผ ์—ญ์‹œ ๊ทธ๋ฅผ ์ง„์ • ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•œ ๊ฒŒ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ ์ž์‹ ์—๊ฒŒ ๋งค์šฐ ์ž˜ ํ•ด์ฃผ๋Š” ๋ฏธ๋‚จ์ด ์‹ซ์ง€ ์•Š์•˜๋˜ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.

ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋‚˜์ค‘์— ํฌ๋ฆฌ์Šค์™€๋Š” ์ง„์ •์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘์„ ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค. ๋ถˆ๊ฐ™์€ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘์„ ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜์ค‘์— ํฌ๋ฆฌ์Šค์˜ ์‹ค์ˆ˜๋กœ (๋†€๋ผ๋Š” ์กฐ์‹ฌํ•˜๋ผ๊ณ  ํ–ˆ์ง€๋งŒ, ํฌ๋ฆฌ์Šค๊ฐ€ ์ฐธ์ง€ ๋ชปํ–ˆ๋‹ค) ๊ทธ์˜ ์•„์ด๋ฅผ ์ž„์‹ ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋˜์ž, ํฌ๋ฆฌ์Šค์—๊ฒŒ ์ง‘์ฐฉํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋˜๊ณ , ํฌ๋ฆฌ์Šค์™€์˜ ๊ด€๊ณ„๋ฅผ ๊ณต์‹ํ™” ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•œ๋‹ค.

๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘๋ณด๋‹ค ์„ฑ๊ณต์„ ๋” ์›ํ–ˆ๋˜ ํฌ๋ฆฌ์Šค๋Š” ์œ„๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๋Š๋ผ๊ณ  ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ๋†€๋ผ๋ฅผ ์‚ดํ•ดํ•˜๊ธฐ์— ์ด๋ฅธ๋‹ค.

๋ถˆํ–‰ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ •์—์„œ ๋ถˆํ–‰ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํƒœ์–ด๋‚˜์„œ ๋ถˆํ–‰ํ•œ ์–ด๋ฆฐ ์‹œ์ ˆ์„ ๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค ์ง„์ •์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์—๊ฒŒ ๋ฐฐ์‹ ์„ ๋‹นํ•˜๊ณ  ์‚ดํ•ด๋‹นํ•œ ๋†€๋ผ. ์™œ ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ€์Šด์ด ์•„ํ”ˆ ๊ฑธ๊นŒ?

์™œ ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋ˆˆ๋ฌผ์ด ๋‚˜๋Š” ๊ฑธ๊นŒ. ์‚ถ์€, ์„ธ์ƒ์€ ์›๋ž˜ ๋ถˆ๊ณตํ‰ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ์™œ ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ์Šฌํ”„๊ณ  ๊ฐ€์Šด์ด ์•„๋ฆฐ ๊ฑธ๊นŒ?

๋‚œ ์™œ ๋ฉ”์ธ ์Šคํ† ๋ฆฌ๋ณด๋‹ค ๊ณ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ์— ๋” ๊ด€์‹ฌ์ด ๊ฐ€๊ณ  ๋ˆˆ์ด ๊ฐ€๋Š” ๊ฑธ๊นŒ?

์‚ฌ์กฑ์œผ๋กœ ํ•œ๋งˆ๋””: ์Šค์นผ๋ › ์กฐํ•œ์Šจ์€ ์ „์ฒด์ ์œผ๋กœ ์„น์‹œํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ํŠนํžˆ ๋ชฉ์†Œ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋ฏธ์น˜๋„๋ก ์„น์‹œํ•˜๋‹ค.

Match Point

๋กฏ๋ฐ์›”๋“œ

Filed under: Lang:ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด,Subj:Life — Jemyoung Leigh @ 16:03

8์›” 15์ผ, ์นœ๊ตฌ์™€ ํ•จ๊ป˜ ๋กฏ๋ฐ์›”๋“œ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ”๋‹ค. ์ˆ˜ ๋งŽ์€ ์ปคํ”Œ๋“ค์„ ๋ณด๊ณ  ๋ถ€๋Ÿฌ์›Œ ์ฃฝ๋Š” ์ค„ ์•Œ์•˜๋‹ค.ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋‹ค์‹œ๋Š” ํœด์ผ์— ๋กฏ๋ฐ์›”๋“œ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์•Š๊ฒ ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ฒฐ์‹ฌ์„ ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค. ํ‰๊ท ์ ์œผ๋กœ 70๋ถ„ ์ •๋„๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ๋‹ค๋ ค์„œ ๋†€์ด ๊ธฐ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ํƒ„ ๊ฒƒ์€ 2๋ถ„์ •๋„์”ฉ.

๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์‹ ๋ฐง๋“œ์˜ ๋ชจํ—˜์€ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ํƒ€์ง€ ๋ง๋ผ๊ณ  ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์—๊ฒŒ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ ํ•ด์•ผ ๊ฒ ๋‹ค. ์„ธ์ƒ์— ๋†€์ด๊ธฐ๊ตฌ ํƒ€๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ์กธ์•„๋ณธ ์ ์€ ์ฒ˜์Œ์ด๋‹ค. โ€œ์†๋‹˜, ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜์„ธ์š”. ๋‹ค ์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.โ€ ์„ธ์ƒ์— ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ด๊ฒŒ ๋ฒ„์Šค ์ข…์ ์— ์˜จ ๊ฒƒ๋„ ์•„๋‹ˆ๊ณ โ€ฆ -_-;;

Difference of ‘this time’ between Korean and Japanese languages

Filed under: Lang:English,Subj:Languages — Jemyoung Leigh @ 9:47

I found that the word ‘this time’ of Korean does not have identical meaning to that of Japanese.

Let me say that we are going in the way from station A to B. If you say ‘this station’ in Japanese (which is ไปŠๅบฆใฎ้ง…), it means Station A while the same Korean word (which is ์ด๋ฒˆ์—ญ) points to Station B.

Yes, in general, Korean’s this has the sense of near future while that of Japanese has near past.

The Japanese sentence of “I thank you for your help this time(ไปŠๅบฆใ‚ใ‚ŠใŒใจใ†ใ”ใ–ใ„ใพใ—ใŸ)” should be translated into “I thank you for your help past time(์ง€๋‚œ ๋ฒˆ์— ๊ณ ๋งˆ์› ์–ด์š”)” in Korean.

Korean and Japanese languages are very similar for they have one ancestor. But the subtle differences like this make it difficult to learn.

้Ÿ“ๅ›ฝ่ชžใจๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใฎโ€ไปŠๅบฆโ€ใฎๆ„ๅ‘ณใฎ้•ใ„

Filed under: Lang:ๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชž,Subj:Languages — Jemyoung Leigh @ 9:35

้Ÿ“ๅ›ฝ่ชžใฎไปŠๅบฆใฏๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใฎไปŠๅบฆใจๆ„ๅ‘ณใŒ้•ใ†ใ“ใจใ‚’ๅˆ†ใ‹ใฃใŸใ€‚

ใŸใจใˆใฐใ€้›ป่ปŠใ‚’ไน—ใฃใฆA้ง…ใ‹ใ‚‰B้ง…ใซใ„ใ้€”ไธญใซ”ไปŠๅบฆใฎ้ง…”ใ ใจใ„ใ†ใจใ€้Ÿ“ๅ›ฝ่ชžใงใฏๅคงไฝ“B้ง…ใ‚’ๆŒ‡ใ™ใ‘ใฉใ€ๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใงใฏA้ง…ใ‚’ๆŒ‡ใ™ใ€‚

ๅŒใ˜ใใ€”ไปŠๅบฆใฏใ‚ใ‚ŠใŒใจใ†ใ”ใ–ใ„ใพใ—ใŸ”ใ‚’้Ÿ“ๅ›ฝ่ชžใซ็›ด่จณใ™ใ‚‹ใจใŠใ‹ใ—ใ„ๆ–‡็ซ ใซใชใ‚‹ใ€‚

้Ÿ“ๅ›ฝ่ชžใจๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใฏใ™ใ”ใไผผใฆใ‚‹ใ‘ใฉใ€ใ“ใ‚“ใชๅพฎๅฆ™ใช้•ใ„ใง้›ฃใ—ใใชใ‚‹ใ€‚

Lotte World

Filed under: Lang:English,Subj:Love — Jemyoung Leigh @ 9:11

15 August is the memorial day of Korea’s independence after World War 2. Of course, it is national holiday. And I went with my friend to Lotte World, amusement park in Seoul. And I decided not to go Lotte World or any amusement park on holidays.

For the first reason, I had to wait seventy minutes in average to get about two or three minutes’ ride.

For the last reason, about forty percent of the visitors were lovers. I will go there when I have a girl friend.

Ah, among all the rides, please do NEVER get ride of ‘Adventure of Sinbad.’ It is so boring, and I never have slept in amusement riding before. “Hey mister, wake up. You came.” This is the words that I had heard before only in bus terminal.

Monday, 14 August 2006

cannot connect to X server

Filed under: Lang:English,Subj:GNU/Computer — Jemyoung Leigh @ 16:41

I have several linux boxes – Debian Sarge, Fedora Core 3 and 4, Mandrake Linux 2005, Slackware Linux 10, Haansoft Linux 2005, Booyo Linux, and SuSE 9.3

Among all linux boxes, only Debian and SuSE spits the error message “cannot connect to X server” when I try open a GUI application after changing the user using su. For example,

crinje$ su - james
james$ kate
cannot connect to X server

I tried many things and searched everywhere. In the long run, I found the answer.

If you want any user of localhost to connect to your X server, just try this:

$ xhost +localhost

Oh, thank God for your letting me find this!

suํ›„์— X ์„œ๋ฒ„์— ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ์ด ์•ˆ๋œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ง€๋ž„ ํ•  ๋•Œ

Filed under: Lang:ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด,Subj:GNU/Computer — Jemyoung Leigh @ 16:03

๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์“ฐ๋Š” ๋ฆฌ๋ˆ…์Šค ์ค‘์— ์œ ๋… ๋ฐ๋น„์•ˆ ์‚ฌ์ง€์™€ ์ˆ˜์„ธ 9.3๋งŒ su๋ฅผ ํ•ด์„œ ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”๊พธ๊ณ  ๋‚˜์„œ๋Š” GUI ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ์„ ์‹คํ–‰ํ•  ์ˆ˜๊ฐ€ ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹จ์ˆœํžˆ โ€œcannot connect to X serverโ€๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€๋งŒ ๋‚˜์™”๋‹ค. ์˜ˆ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์–ด์„œcrinje$ su - james
james$ kate
cannot connect to X server

์—ฌ๊ธฐ ์ €๊ธฐ ๊ฒ€์ƒ‰๋„ ํ•ด ๋ณด๊ณ  ๋ณ„ ์ง€๋ž„์„ ๋‹ค ํ•ด๋ดค๋Š”๋ฐ ํ—ˆ์‚ฌ์˜€๋‹ค. ์‚ฝ์งˆ ์ค‘์— ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ์•Œ์•„๋‚ธ ๊ฒƒ์€ ์—ญ์‹œ xhost์˜€๋‹ค. ๋งŒ์ผ ๋กœ์ปฌ์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๊ฐ€ ๋‚ด X ์„œ๋ฒ„์— ์ ‘์†ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋„๋ก ํ•˜๋ ค๋ฉด ๋‹จ์ˆœํžˆ ์•„๋ž˜์™€ ๊ฐ™์ด ํ•˜๋ฉด ๋œ๋‹ค.

$ xhost +localhost

ํœด~ ํ•˜๋‚˜๋‹˜ ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์•Œ๊ฒŒ ํ•ด ์ฃผ์…”์„œ.

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